Enforcement of the accuracy of
Weights & Measures and those of the package commodities in the market is
an indispensable activity of the Government in a welfare
state. For this purpose, the Weights & Measures Organization
of the Food, Civil Supplies and Consumer Affairs Deptt. works under
Legal Meteorology Act,2009. The Legal Meteorology (Packaged Commodities)
Rules, 2011 enacted under the Legal Meteorology Act,2009 is the main
source of enforcement .
Similarly, the state of H.P. has
enacted its enforcement rules 2011 under Legal Meteorology Act,2009,
named as the H.P. Legal Meteorology (Enforcement) Rules, 2011,
which are the guiding lights for stamping and
verification of Weights & Measures instruments, procedures
for licensing of dealers, manufacturer and repairers of Weights &
Measures for the purpose of sales and service etc; relevant
conditions of licensing, stamping and verification of
Weights & Measures instruments, elaborate data regarding the fees.
the rapid expansion of trade and advancement of technology the practice of
putting the commodities in the packages have become enormously popular.
Putting the commodities in the packages is easier for packing, transporting,
handling and distribution. The general advantage is that it saves time which
is consumed in weighment and putting the things in packets; at the consumer
level. Also it protects the commodities and increases their shelf life.
But putting the commodities in packets has limitations of its own capacity of
the packets some time conceals the identity of the commodity; on uniform
packing leads to confusion in the market; undated packets results in
ignorance about the freshness of the product.
2.What is a Packed
" Pre-Packed commodity means a commodity which, without the
purchasers being present is packed in package of what ever nature, so that
the quantity of the product containing therein has a pre determined value and
such value can not be altered without package or its lid or cap, as the case
may be, being opened or undergoing a perceptible modification and the
expression " Package" wherever it occurs shall be construed as a
package containing a pre-packed commodity.
3.Declaration to be
made on every package-Every package shall bear thereon or on a label securely
affixed thereto a definite, plain and conspicuous declaration, made in
accordance with the provisions of this chapter as, to,-
Name and Address of the manufacture or where the Manufacture is not the
packer the name and address of Manufacturer and Packer.
common or generic names of the commodities contained in the package;
Explation: General name in relations to a commodity means the name of the
genus of the commodity, for example, in the case of common salt, sodium
chloride is the generic name.
net quantity, in the terms of the Standards unit of weights & measures,
of the commodity contained in the package of where the commodity contained in
month and year in which the commodity is manufactured or pre-packed;
Retail Sale Price of package.
(vi) Where the sizes of
the commodity contained in the package are relevant, the dimensions of the
commodity contained in the package and if the dimensions of the different
pieces are different, the dimensions of each such different piece shall be
4.What should the
consumer do while purchasing:-
must ensure that all mandatory declaration are made on the package
conspicuously and unambiguously.
must not pay excess of Maximum Retail Price.
must prefer larger packages against the smaller ones because bulk purchase is
redressal of his grievances he should approach the Legal Metrology, Weights
& Measures Organization. Controller of Legal Metrology at the State
level; Asstt. Controller of Legal Metrology and Divisional level; and
Inspector, Weights & Measures at circle level.
should not be allured by cheap publicity glamour like "sale",
"Discount", "Free and "Extra" marked on the
A awakened Consumer is a safe consumer.